Three chapters of the Magna Carta are still valid law today. They include the chapter on religious freedom (1), the chapter protecting the rights of towns (9), and the most famous chapter of the Magna Carta, the one protecting due process rights (29). The chapter numbers refer to the 1225 text because that text was used when the Magna Carta was enrolled as a statute in 1297.
Magna Carta represented a significant step forward in legal protection from arbitrary laws.
Magna Carta Chapter 29
“No freeman shall be taken or imprisoned or deprived of his freehold or of his liberties or free customs, or outlawed, or exiled, or in any manner destroyed, nor shall we go upon him, nor shall we send upon him, except by a legal judgment of his peers or by the law of the land”
The U.S Constitution Amendments 5, 14
“nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”
“nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”
The U.N. Declaration of Human Rights Article 9
“No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile”